In Europe, Mr. Pompeo is credited with helping to strengthen NATO as a bulwark in opposition to Russia, together with by way of increased military spending. Alexander R. Vershbow, a former NATO deputy secretary-general who was additionally a former United States ambassador to Russia and South Korea and an assistant protection secretary, stated Mr. Pompeo had helped shield NATO from Mr. Trump’s “contempt for the allies and bullying tactics.”
Mr. Pompeo additionally deployed shuttle diplomacy to heat relations between Israel and states within the Middle East and North Africa as a part of the Abraham Accords, the administration’s signature overseas coverage achievement. But these peace pacts had been largely brokered by Jared Kushner, the president’s senior adviser and son-in-law.
Mr. Pompeo has steadfastly supported Israel by defying internationally acknowledged norms, resembling by transferring the American Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and declaring Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights and the legitimacy of West Bank settlements. As an evangelical Christian — a group that makes up a key conservative political constituency — Mr. Pompeo has generally framed actions in opposition to Iran in spiritual phrases linked to Israel and biblical prophecy.
The Abraham Accords had been a part of a strain marketing campaign to isolate Iran with sanctions and army threats that started after Mr. Trump withdrew from a landmark 2015 nuclear settlement with Tehran in May 2018, simply weeks after Mr. Pompeo moved to the State Department after serving because the C.I.A. director.
Over the subsequent two years, he repeatedly vexed efforts by different world powers to maintain the 2015 nuclear deal intact. Mr. Pompeo was visibly energized by jousting with Iranian officers on Twitter: “You know you’re on the side of angels when this happens,” he tweeted on Tuesday, months after Mohammad Javad Zarif, the Iranian overseas minister, known as him the “Secretary of Hate.”
Mr. Pompeo was amongst Mr. Trump’s advisers who pushed for army strikes in opposition to Iran, which the president resisted in June 2019 however allowed in January 2020 to kill a high Iranian common who was in Iraq. Still, Mr. Pompeo reversed himself in November, amongst a group of senior officers — together with Vice President Mike Pence; Christopher C. Miller, the appearing protection secretary; and Gen. Mark A. Milley, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff — who countered the president’s request for strike choices in opposition to Iran with a warning that it might simply escalate into a broader battle within the final weeks of Mr. Trump’s presidency.
Mr. Pompeo has described himself as a disciple of “realism, restraint and respect” — an method advocated by his longtime monetary backer, Charles G. Koch, a conservative billionaire whose community of donors gave extra marketing campaign contributions to Mr. Pompeo than to another congressional candidate within the nation in 4 House elections from 2010 to 2016.