Continuing CNW Network’s Black History Month series highlighting the African American women and men who served as Cabinet Secretaries within the administration of American presidents, listed here are the profile of seven people who contributed to Black History in America:
Rodney Earl Slater (born February 23, 1955)
Rodney Slater was one other African American who Bill Clinton appointed to serve in his cupboard. Slater served because the United States secretary of transportation from 1997 to 2001.
Before this appointment, Slater served because the administrator of the Federal Highway Administration from 1993 to 1997.
Quickly shifting into the political enviornment, Slater, that very same yr, turned an assistant legal professional common for the state of Arkansas. He was appointed to a number of state authorities positions in Arkansas by then Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton. These positions included assistant to the governor between 1983 and 1987, and member of the Arkansas State Highway Commission between 1987 and 1993. Slater additionally served because the director of governmental affairs for Arkansas State University throughout that point.
Then in 1997, Clinton tapped him for the secretary of transportation, making him the second African American to carry that Cabinet place.
Togo Dennis West Jr. (June 21, 1942 – March 8, 2018)
West was the third individual to function the secretary of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs throughout Bill Clinton’s administration and the second African American to serve the nation as VA secretary.
Togo West was born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. He was the valedictorian at his commencement from Atkins High School in 1959. After highschool, he obtained a Bachelor of Science diploma in engineering from Howard University. He attended the college’s faculty of regulation, the place he turned the managing editor of the Howard Law Journal. In 1968, West obtained his Juris Doctor diploma from the college, graduating on the high of his class and receiving cum laude honors.
Prior to his Cabinet nomination by President Clinton in 1998, West was secretary of the military from 1993 to 1998. While awaiting affirmation as VA secretary, West served as appearing VA secretary and secretary of the military.
When George W. Bush succeeded Clinton as president in 2001, he continued the pattern of nominating African Americans to his Cabinet.
Roderick Raynor Paige (born June 17, 1933)
Rod Paige, nominated by President George W. Bush, was the seventh United States secretary of education and the primary African American to carry the submit. He served in Bush’s first-term Cabinet from 2001 to 2005.
Prior to his tenure in Bush’s Cabinet, Paige, who was born and raised in Monticello, Mississippi, earned a bachelor’s degree from Jackson State University in Jackson, Mississippi, and a master’s degree and Doctor of Education diploma in physical education from Indiana University Bloomington.
Paige’s profession centered on schooling. First, he held the place of classroom instructor, rising to college dean and faculty superintendent, then to changing into the primary African American schooling secretary.
When terrorists attacked the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001, Paige was sitting with President Bush on the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Sarasota, Florida, the place Bush obtained the information of the assault.
Following his tenure as secretary of schooling, Paige served as interim president of Jackson State University, from November 2016 to June 2017.
In Paige’s honor, the James Bowie Elementary School in Houston was renamed the Rod Paige Elementary School, and in his hometown of Monticello, Mississippi, the center faculty was renamed the Rod Paige Middle School.
Colin Luther Powell (born April 5, 1937)
Powell, the son of Jamaican dad and mom, has the distinct honor of being the primary African American to function the United States secretary of state. The retired four-star common was nominated by President George W. Bush in 2001 because the 65th secretary of state from 2001, and served in that submit till 2005. His Cabinet submit, inserting him fourth in line to the U.S. presidency was the best ever held by an African American.
Prior to his position as secretary of state, Powell served because the sixteenth United States national security advisor from 1987 to 1989 below President Ronald Reagan, and was appointed because the twelfth chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1989 to 1993 below President George H. W. Bush.
Powell was born in South Bronx, New York City in 1937 to Jamaican immigrants Luther and Maud Powell. After attending New York City public faculties he went to the City College of New York (CCNY), the place he earned a bachelor’s diploma in geology.
At CCNY, Powell developed a eager curiosity within the navy and joined the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC). Upon commencement from CCNY in June 1958, he obtained a fee as an Army second lieutenant. He remained knowledgeable soldier for 35 years, holding many command and employees positions, rising to the rank of four-star common. Powell was commander of the U.S. Army Forces Command in 1989, and that yr additionally reached the top of navy positions within the Department of Defense because the twelfth chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During his tenure as chairman, he oversaw a number of key navy missions, together with the invasion of Panama in 1989 and Operation Desert Storm within the Persian Gulf War in opposition to Iraq in 1990 to 1991.
Unfortunately, Powell’s tenure as secretary of state attracted controversy concerning his being misled that Saddam Hussien was hiding weapons of mass destruction, which gave justification for the U.S. to invade Iraq in 2003.
Alphonso R. Jackson (born September 9, 1945)
Another of President George W. Bush’s African American nominees, Alphonso Jackson served because the thirteenth United States secretary of housing and urban development (HUD). He served from January 2004 till his resignation in March 2008.
Jackson was born on September 9, 1945, in Marshall, Texas—the final of 12 youngsters within the household. He studied political science at Truman State University, the place he additionally earned a grasp’s diploma in schooling administration in 1969. He later studied regulation at Washington University School of Law in St. Louis.
Embarking a public service profession in St. Louis, Missouri, he was additionally energetic in each Democratic and Republican circles within the metropolis for a few years. In 1987, he was appointed director of the U.S. Department of Public and Assisted Housing for Washington, D.C.
Condoleezza “Condi” Rice (November 14, 1954)
Condi Rice, a diplomat, political scientist, civil servant, and professor, was the opposite African American appointed to the Cabinet of President George W. Bush. Having served as Bush’s nationwide safety advisor throughout his first time period from 2001 to 2005, she was nominated to succeed Colin Powell as secretary of state from 2005 to 2009 to turn into the first African-American woman to hold the position. She was additionally the primary girl to function nationwide safety advisor.
Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Rice grew up within the period of racial segregation.
She obtained her bachelor’s diploma from the University of Denver and grasp’s diploma in political science from the University of Notre Dame. In 1981, Rice obtained a PhD from the School of International Studies on the University of Denver.
Originally a Democrat, Rice labored on the State Department below the Carter administration. In 1982, she switched to the Republican Party, and years later she served on the National Security Council because the Soviet and Eastern Europe Affairs advisor to President George H. W. Bush in the course of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and German reunification from 1989 to 1991.
From 1993 to 1999, Rice was provost at Stanford University, and in December 2000, she joined the George W. Bush administration as nationwide safety advisor.
When the Bush administration led to 2009, Rice returned to Stanford University as a political science professor and the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy on the Hoover Institution.
In September 2020, Rice was named director of the Hoover Institution.
Eric Himpton Holder Jr. (born January 21, 1951)
In 2009, Holder, an legal professional, was appointed to the Cabinet of America’s first African-American President, Barack Obama, as the primary African American, and 82nd U.S. legal professional common, serving in that submit nicely into Obama’s second time period, till he retired in 2015.
Holder’s father was a Barbadian immigrant who lived in New York City, the place Holder was born. He grew up in East Elmhurst, Queens, and attended public faculty till age 10. In the 4th grade, Holder was chosen to take part in a program for intellectually gifted college students.
After he graduated from regulation faculty, Holder labored on the Public Integrity Section of the Department of Justice for 12 years; served as a choose of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; appointed by President Bill Clinton as United States legal professional for the District of Columbia and subsequently deputy legal professional common.